Hur ögonspårning kan förbättra cockpitsimulatorer: Accelererande resultat för förar- och flygträning

Som visar nya studier, eye tracking-teknik kan förbättra träningen i simulatorer genom mäta kognitiv belastning (mängden information du tar in). Det kan också användas i personligt och adaptivt lärande, leder till en snabbare inlärningsprocess och tidiga medarbetarresultat. 

Out of all industries where this technology takes training methods to a different level, aviation and automotive are positively impacted. Ögon uppmärksamhet och mänsklig observation in these fields are crucial, and by monitoring them during flight or driving simulator programs, trainers can predict future behavior and assess employees’ take-in. Furthermore, they can understand how the learning and training process can be improved, thus minska antalet utbildningstimmar och kostnader.

It can also have a huge impact on providing a much safer environment by reducing human errors – you will be able to identify the mistakes that wouldn’t be so easily identifiable without a repetitive study of eye movements during training sessions.

Eye-Tracking-Training-Flight-Driving-Simulator

So how can 3D eye tracking technology influence and improve the learning process, and how can this apply to flight crews (pilots, especially) and driver training? This is precisely what our article aims to answer by initially explaining the benefits one generally gets when using 3D eye tracking in the learning process and then applying those general benefits to flying and driving training.

Vad kan 3D-ögonspårning göra för att stödja utbildning och förbättra elevresultat?

Before answering what and how 3D eye tracking can support training programs, we should know hur 3D-ögonspårningstekniken fungerar

As opposed to regular eye tracking, 3D eye tracking tracks visual attention remotely from as far as 1.3m (4.3 ft) away. This means that the classic gear used is not needed anymore, and the trainee is not burdened by any headgear during training or simulation.

  • Inga glasögon 
  • Inget VR-headset 
  • Ingen kalibrering 

Eye-Tracking-Cockpit-Simulator

Hur kan du göra det? Ganska enkelt – genom att använda en 3D-djupavkännande kamera i din cockpitsimulator, through which you can track multiple subjects, label objects of interest (command/control area, specific gears, instrument panels, etc.) in the flying/driving decks, and track attention towards them in real-time. 

Det här är möjligt med hjälp av GazeSense, ett 3D-ögonspårningsprogram created to map your point of analysis. This software can interpret precisely where or what the subject is looking at (just like the video below demonstrates).

3D-ögonspårningsteknik består av en non-wearable, unintrusive device that can be integrated with real-world environments to gather new data, which can help improve training programs

It comes as a next-level technology, ready to challenge the “status-quo” of simulation programs and offer new perspectives. Now, the focus is not necessarily on the training info, but the subject/student, his swiftness, alertness, engagement, and performance.

Its purpose is higher than just making sure your future or present employees follow procedures by first gathering data about the trainee’s gazes and points of interest. Eye tracking helps you better understand learning habits, reduce the number of training hours and make the trainees improve their skills faster.

Real-Time Trainee Monitoring

The first thing you can do with 3D eye tracking is monitor gaze in real-time or post-session review. Real-time visual checks and attention span monitoring become efficiency tools. Furthermore, you can consider early habit-building by making on-the-spot improvements for emergency event prioritization. 

Förena dig med din trainee under träningssessioner 

Having access to the trainee’s eye attention is vital for the trainer. 

3D eye tracking makes it possible for the trainer to see every eye movement, even if he is positioned behind him. This allows the process to be better assisted and to better and faster detect what parts of the training should be repeated, what instant corrections should be made, and what can be improved in the control panel attention.

“No Strings Attached” during Training

One of the main benefits of 3D eye tracking is that it doesn’t require any glasses or any other type of headgear. This is especially important for flying and driving training, as extra headgear could affect the trainee’s experience and performance. Furthermore, there is no need for calibration, and it works in low-light environments using a discreet & inexpensive 3D camera.

Kognitiva belastningsinsikter

Training programs have the primary responsibility to support the learning process. But the learning process is entirely dependent upon the human memory system. 

The responsibility lies within understanding how you can optimize and, when necessary, minimize the load of info and procedures you put on the trainees’ shoulders or, better said, brains.

Eye-Tracking-Flight-Driver-Training

Moreover, by tracking the eye attention during training hours, you have access to eye movement data that gives you essential trainee attention span and prioritization insight. For example, in pilot and driving training simulators, it is crucial to know how the pilot trainee reacts to cognitive overstimulation, such as activating 5 major alarms at once and prioritizing his attention.

En bättre och säkrare arbetsmiljö

Big data analysis, gathered with 3D eye tracking, also gives important insights about what rules and procedures should be improved/changed and what the best practices should be further promoted.  

For example, as an airline company, you can use eye-tracking to identify where most errors occur during extreme weather conditions. You can see if the subjects are looking at or doing something wrong that needs reviewing or if the cockpit instruments are not adequately monitored. 

Consequently, the flight instructor can further improve the training strategy to include data about how practitioners should behave in a context like this one.

Eye-Tracking-Flight-Simulator

Implementera 3D Eye Tracking i förar- och pilotutbildning 

The above benefits of training conducted with 3D eye tracking are helpful to jobs where attention and safety are crucial. 

Thus, it can make a difference and change the game in pilot and drivers’ training – two jobs with a high level of risk and responsibility. Not only are you responsible for an impeccable performance at work, but you are also responsible for the lives of others. These are fields where no room for any error is permitted. 

Och det är just här 3D-ögonspårning kommer för att förbättra mänsklig prestanda.

Hur 3D-ögonspårning förbättrar förarutbildningen

Major benefits apply when implementing 3D eye tracking for where the trainee is required to multitask while operating the vehicle: controlling the vehicle, assessment of a situation by analyzing essential visual elements, and navigation.

Eye-Tracking-Driver-License-Training

Eye-Tracking-Driver-TrainingFöljaktligen kommer analys av blickmätningar – mestadels relaterad till distraktioner och sömnighet när det gäller förarna – göra det möjligt för dig att:

  • göra skillnad när man utvecklar bättre körsäkerhetsprocedurer;
  • förbättra framtida utbildningsgenomgångar med praktikanterna.

Hur 3D-ögonspårning påverkar pilotutbildning

By combining eye gaze tracking with a real-world situation, like the cockpit of a plane, you can assess in real-time how the trainee is taking in information about his surroundings, gather data about the human behavior in real situations and about alertness and performance indicators, data to which you do not have access to during a formal pilot training.

Eye-Tracking-Flight-Simulator

And by having real-time access to this data and further analyzing it, pilot instructors gain actionable insights, which helps them to:

  • bättre understand contextual naturalistic pilot behavior and situational awareness (SA) – hur praktikanten naturligt reagerar på att felsöka tekniska svårigheter, flyga under dåliga väderförhållanden eller hantera nödsituationer;
  • erbjudande evidence-based personalized evaluation or correction of the pilot’s skills och kompetenser;
  • förbättra utbildningsrutiner och metoder – you can better present information as an instructor – be more effective, and offer exactly the needed info.

Avslutning: Använda 3D Eye Tracking i träningsinställningar

3D eye tracking enables, in the end, better nonverbal communication between instructors and pilot crews/drivers/trainees. 

Without any words and only by gaze, students offer valuable feedback on how the training can be better conducted, according to their needs, what are the critical areas of interest (when talking about cockpit simulations), and how can the most relevant information be presented at the most appropriate time.

För att lokalisera detta på ett mer strukturerat sätt, med 3D-ögonspårning, är fördelarna:

    • improved instructional materials from the early stages of training. Having all the evidence from previous training sessions, you can improve the way you display information, and you know what areas should be highlighted or insisted upon;

    • övergripande förbättrad träningsmiljö, based on prior experience with 3D eye tracking training;

    • tidig förutsägelse och förebyggande av mänskliga fel;

    • en överlag mycket säkrare flyg- eller körupplevelse/service, utan utrymme för fel och olyckor

It is safe to say that 3D eye tracking is an upgrade for the training environment, reducing training hours costs and improving employees’ efficiency and transportation safety parameters.

👉 Get in touch, and we’ll help you use 3D eye tracking to improve your simulator training programs.