Cómo el seguimiento ocular puede mejorar los simuladores de cabina: aceleración de los resultados para la formación de conductores y vuelos

Como nuevos estudios muestran, la tecnología de seguimiento ocular puede mejorar el entrenamiento en simuladores al medir la carga cognitiva (la cantidad de información que recibe). También se puede utilizar en el aprendizaje personalizado y adaptativo, conducir a un proceso de aprendizaje más acelerado y los primeros resultados de los empleados. 

Out of all industries where this technology takes training methods to a different level, aviation and automotive are positively impacted. Atención ocular y observación humana. in these fields are crucial, and by monitoring them during flight or driving simulator programs, trainers can predict future behavior and assess employees’ take-in. Furthermore, they can understand how the learning and training process can be improved, thus reduciendo el número de horas de formación y los costes.

It can also have a huge impact on providing a much safer environment by reducing human errors – you will be able to identify the mistakes that wouldn’t be so easily identifiable without a repetitive study of eye movements during training sessions.

Eye-Tracking-Training-Flight-Driving-Simulator

So how can 3D eye tracking technology influence and improve the learning process, and how can this apply to flight crews (pilots, especially) and driver training? This is precisely what our article aims to answer by initially explaining the benefits one generally gets when using 3D eye tracking in the learning process and then applying those general benefits to flying and driving training.

¿Qué puede hacer el seguimiento ocular 3D para apoyar la capacitación y mejorar los resultados de los estudiantes?

Before answering what and how 3D eye tracking can support training programs, we should know cómo funciona la tecnología de seguimiento ocular 3D

As opposed to regular eye tracking, 3D eye tracking tracks visual attention remotely from as far as 1.3m (4.3 ft) away. This means that the classic gear used is not needed anymore, and the trainee is not burdened by any headgear during training or simulation.

  • sin gafas 
  • Sin auriculares VR 
  • Sin calibración 

Eye-Tracking-Cockpit-Simulator

Como puedes hacer eso? Bastante simple: mediante el uso de un Cámara de detección de profundidad 3D en su simulador de cabina, through which you can track multiple subjects, label objects of interest (command/control area, specific gears, instrument panels, etc.) in the flying/driving decks, and track attention towards them in real-time. 

Esto es posible con la ayuda de GazeSense, un software de seguimiento ocular 3D created to map your point of analysis. This software can interpret precisely where or what the subject is looking at (just like the video below demonstrates).

La tecnología de seguimiento ocular 3D consiste en un non-wearable, unintrusive device that can be integrated with real-world environments to gather new data, which can help improve training programs

It comes as a next-level technology, ready to challenge the “status-quo” of simulation programs and offer new perspectives. Now, the focus is not necessarily on the training info, but the subject/student, his swiftness, alertness, engagement, and performance.

Its purpose is higher than just making sure your future or present employees follow procedures by first gathering data about the trainee’s gazes and points of interest. Eye tracking helps you better understand learning habits, reduce the number of training hours and make the trainees improve their skills faster.

Real-Time Trainee Monitoring

The first thing you can do with 3D eye tracking is monitor gaze in real-time or post-session review. Real-time visual checks and attention span monitoring become efficiency tools. Furthermore, you can consider early habit-building by making on-the-spot improvements for emergency event prioritization. 

Unidos con su aprendiz durante las sesiones de capacitación 

Having access to the trainee’s eye attention is vital for the trainer. 

3D eye tracking makes it possible for the trainer to see every eye movement, even if he is positioned behind him. This allows the process to be better assisted and to better and faster detect what parts of the training should be repeated, what instant corrections should be made, and what can be improved in the control panel attention.

“No Strings Attached” during Training

One of the main benefits of 3D eye tracking is that it doesn’t require any glasses or any other type of headgear. This is especially important for flying and driving training, as extra headgear could affect the trainee’s experience and performance. Furthermore, there is no need for calibration, and it works in low-light environments using a discreet & inexpensive 3D camera.

Perspectivas de carga cognitiva

Training programs have the primary responsibility to support the learning process. But the learning process is entirely dependent upon the human memory system. 

The responsibility lies within understanding how you can optimize and, when necessary, minimize the load of info and procedures you put on the trainees’ shoulders or, better said, brains.

Eye-Tracking-Flight-Driver-Training

Moreover, by tracking the eye attention during training hours, you have access to eye movement data that gives you essential trainee attention span and prioritization insight. For example, in pilot and driving training simulators, it is crucial to know how the pilot trainee reacts to cognitive overstimulation, such as activating 5 major alarms at once and prioritizing his attention.

Un entorno de trabajo mejor y más seguro

Big data analysis, gathered with 3D eye tracking, also gives important insights about what rules and procedures should be improved/changed and what the best practices should be further promoted.  

For example, as an airline company, you can use eye-tracking to identify where most errors occur during extreme weather conditions. You can see if the subjects are looking at or doing something wrong that needs reviewing or if the cockpit instruments are not adequately monitored. 

Consequently, the flight instructor can further improve the training strategy to include data about how practitioners should behave in a context like this one.

Eye-Tracking-Flight-Simulator

Implementación de Eye Tracking 3D en la formación de conductores y pilotos 

The above benefits of training conducted with 3D eye tracking are helpful to jobs where attention and safety are crucial. 

Thus, it can make a difference and change the game in pilot and drivers’ training – two jobs with a high level of risk and responsibility. Not only are you responsible for an impeccable performance at work, but you are also responsible for the lives of others. These are fields where no room for any error is permitted. 

Y aquí es precisamente donde entra el eye tracking 3D para mejorar el rendimiento humano.

Cómo el seguimiento ocular 3D mejora la formación de los conductores

Major benefits apply when implementing 3D eye tracking for where the trainee is required to multitask while operating the vehicle: controlling the vehicle, assessment of a situation by analyzing essential visual elements, and navigation.

Eye-Tracking-Driver-License-Training

Eye-Tracking-Driver-TrainingEn consecuencia, el análisis de las medidas de la mirada, en su mayoría relacionadas con las distracciones y la somnolencia en el caso de los conductores, le permitirán:

  • marcar la diferencia al desarrollar mejores procedimientos de seguridad en la conducción;
  • mejorar las sesiones informativas de formación futuras con los alumnos.

Cómo afecta el seguimiento ocular 3D a la formación de pilotos

By combining eye gaze tracking with a real-world situation, like the cockpit of a plane, you can assess in real-time how the trainee is taking in information about his surroundings, gather data about the human behavior in real situations and about alertness and performance indicators, data to which you do not have access to during a formal pilot training.

Eye-Tracking-Flight-Simulator

And by having real-time access to this data and further analyzing it, pilot instructors gain actionable insights, which helps them to:

  • mejor understand contextual naturalistic pilot behavior and situational awareness (SA) – cómo reacciona naturalmente el aprendiz a la solución de problemas técnicos, volar en malas condiciones climáticas o manejar eventos de emergencia;
  • oferta evidence-based personalized evaluation or correction of the pilot’s skills y competencias;
  • mejorar los procedimientos y métodos de formación – you can better present information as an instructor – be more effective, and offer exactly the needed info.

Resumen: uso del seguimiento ocular 3D en entornos de entrenamiento

3D eye tracking enables, in the end, better nonverbal communication between instructors and pilot crews/drivers/trainees. 

Without any words and only by gaze, students offer valuable feedback on how the training can be better conducted, according to their needs, what are the critical areas of interest (when talking about cockpit simulations), and how can the most relevant information be presented at the most appropriate time.

Para señalar esto de una manera más estructurada, con el seguimiento ocular en 3D, los beneficios son:

    • improved instructional materials from the early stages of training. Having all the evidence from previous training sessions, you can improve the way you display information, and you know what areas should be highlighted or insisted upon;

    • ambiente de entrenamiento mejorado en general, based on prior experience with 3D eye tracking training;

    • predicción y prevención temprana de errores humanos;

    • una experiencia/servicio de vuelo o conducción mucho más seguro en general, sin lugar a errores y accidentes

It is safe to say that 3D eye tracking is an upgrade for the training environment, reducing training hours costs and improving employees’ efficiency and transportation safety parameters.

👉 Get in touch, and we’ll help you use 3D eye tracking to improve your simulator training programs.